History of Diamonds


Information about the History of Diamonds
Discover some fascinating information about Diamonds.

  • Facts and Information about the History of Diamonds
  • Diamonds and the Romans
  • History of Diamonds

Diamond Birth Stone

History of Diamonds

Facts and History of  Diamonds
Amongst the many precious crystallised stones diamonds stand pre-eminent for their beauty, brilliancy and strength. Diamonds are the hardest stone known, hence the name of Adamas, meaning "the Indomitable," which was given to them by their ancient discoverers. Diamonds can cut every known substance although a diamond itself cannot be cut, nor be scratched, by other stones. Neither acids nor solvents any effect upon them. When found, the diamond is covered with a thick crust, so hard that there is no substance known that will remove it but that of itself, and it is only by grinding and polishing with diamond dust and minute diamonds that it is shaped and its wonderful brilliancy developed.

Facts and Information about Diamonds

For a comprehensive and impartial guide to buying  diamonds we highly recommend:

Diamonds are Forever

History of  Diamonds - The Romans
The Romans regarded diamonds with much reverence, fastening it upon the left arm so that the gem should touch the flesh, believing it powerful in making its wearer brave and daring, giving him the victory over his enemies; and when set in fine steel, was considered a charm against insanity.

History of  Diamonds - The Middle Ages
In the Middle Ages the diamond was thought to protect its wearer from the plague, and for this reason Queen Elizabeth I of England was given a diamond to guard her against infection, which she is said to have worn in her breast.

History Timeline History of Diamonds Timeline
800 BC Diamonds discovered in India
327 BC Alexander the Great brings the first diamonds to Europe from India.
296 BC Sanskrit manuscript called the 'Arthasastra', or 'the Lesson of Profit' makes written reference
1150's The Briolette of India, a legendary diamond weighing 90.38 carats, was believed to have been brought to England by Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine
1375 The Point Cut was developed which follows the natural shape of a raw diamond, reducing wastage in the diamond cutting process.
1382 A circlet crown was purchased for Queen Anne of Bohemia which was set with a large sapphire, four large pearls and a large diamond in the centre
History Timeline History of Diamonds - 1400's & 1500's
1407 The earliest European records of the history and art of cutting diamonds originate in Paris where there was a flourishing guild of numerous diamond cutters.
1423 The Chief Justice of England , Sir William Hankford, gave his great-granddaughter a baptismal gift of a gilt cup and a diamond ring
1434 Johannes Guttenberg (1398 – 1468) learnt the art of gem cutting and polishing from Andreas Drytzehen of Strasbourg.
1458 Louis van Berquem of Brugge created the first cut diamonds when  he discovered that diamonds could be cut by their own dust.
1477 Mary of Burgundy became the first known recipient of a diamond engagement ring from the Archduke Maximilian of Austria. The history and tradition of the engagement ring began with this gift.
History Timeline History of Diamonds - 1600's & 1700's
1631 Jean Baptist Tavernier made a series of six voyages to India where he saw some of the world’s most fabulous diamonds and gems.
1650's Cardinal Jules Mazarin (1602 – 1661) serving the French King Louis XIV, collected diamonds from Catherine the Great and is credited with the first 'Brilliant cut' diamonds
1681 Vincent Peruzzi, a Venetian diamond polisher, introduced the "Triple-Cut Brilliant" or "Peruzzi Cut" diamonds.
1691 The Hortensia diamond, a pale orangey-pink diamond, was added to the Crown Jewels of France by King Louis XIV
History Timeline History of Diamonds - 1800's & 1900's
1837 The Tiffany Diamond Company was founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany
1854 Royal Asscher Diamond Company was founded
1880 The colorless Porter Rhodes Diamond came from the claim of Mr. Porter-Rhodes in the Kimberly Mine
1889 The Iranian Yellows - African diamonds acquired by Nasseridin Shah
1902 The Cullinan (aka the Star of Africa) was found by Frederick Wells
1924 Uncle Sam is the nickname for the largest diamond discovered in the United States which was discovered by W. O. Bassum at Crater of Diamonds state park in Arkansas.
1957 The Nepal ("The Ageless Diamond" ) was purchased by Harry Winston from an Indian dealer
1977 The Kahn Canary Diamond was Discovered in the Crater of Diamonds State Park, near Murfreesboro, Arkansas
History Timeline History of Diamonds

History of  Diamonds - The History of the Regent Diamond
Napoleon Bonaparte also attached great value to the qualities of diamonds and wore the famous Regent diamond in the hilt of his sword. The history of Regent diamond is very curious. In its natural state it weighed 410 carats, but after its cutting, which took two years to complete, it was reduced to 137 carats and was the size of a large plum. The diamond was perfectly white and flawless. The 'Regent' diamond was found at the Parteal mine in India, by a slave who hid it by making a gash in the calf of his leg and then hiding the stone in the bandage until he could escape to Madras. The slave was helped by a sailor but when a purchaser was found for the diamond the slave was thrown overboard by the sailor. The seaman then sold the diamond to a dealer named Jamchund for £1000, which he quickly spent, afterwards legend has it that he hung himself. The diamond was next purchased by Thomas Pitt, grandfather to the Earl of Chatham, who purchased it after much bargaining for £20,400. But the diamond brought him no happiness. He was so frightened of losing it that it is said that he never slept twice at the same house whilst the diamond was in his possession. About the year 1717, having offered the gem to several sovereigns, the Regent of France was persuaded that his country should possess the most beautiful and perfect diamond known so the diamond was bought for £135,000 and from that time known as the Regent diamond. The diamond was stolen from the public treasury during the turbulent times of the French Revolution. Twelve years later it was recovered and hen set in the Imperial diadem of France.

History of  Diamonds
Great importance was attached by the Hindus of India to the original shape of a diamond. They believed that a triangular stone being thought to cause quarrels, a square diamond terrors but a six-cornered stone was thought to bring the best of good fortune and to renew the strength in old age.

For a comprehensive and impartial guide to buying  diamonds we highly recommend:

Diamonds are Forever

Birthstones & Jewelry Insurance
Your home insurance policy may not fully cover you for birthstone jewelry insurance, engagement ring insurance or wedding ring insurance. Your home insurance policy probably covers jewelry theft, but not loss that occurs for other reasons. A typical home insurance policy will only usually pay a maximum of $1,000 for jewelry theft. Obtain a Jewelry Insurance quote from the Chubb group of jewelry insurance.

History of Diamonds

History of Diamonds

  • Facts and Information
  • The History of  Diamonds
  • Use of Diamonds in jewelry - Rings, Brooches, Pins, Cufflinks, Bracelets, Pendants, Earrings and Necklaces
  • Information & Facts
  • History of Diamonds

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History of Diamonds