Types of Egyptian Jewelry: Jewelry types included amulets, necklaces, pendants, bracelets, rings, head jewelry, anklets, diadems, pectorals and insignia.
Gemstones used in Ancient Egyptian Jewelry: Gemstones used included Turquoise, Carnelian, Chalcedony, Feldspar, Amethyst and Lapis lazuli
The Influences of Ancient Egyptian Jewelry - Religion and Beliefs
What influenced Ancient Egyptian Jewelry? Gold was the most common material used in creating Ancient Egyptian jewelry as it was easily available from Nubia. Silver was used but it had to be imported from further away and was therefore more rare. The religion was based on the worship of many gods and goddesses which were depicted as a combination of man and beast. Ancient Egyptian jewelry was made for purely decorative purposes. It contained symbols that would provide the wearer, dead or alive, with protection and prosperity. Many of the items of jewellry took the form of amulets which were designed to protect the wearer from evil forces both natural and supernatural. Amulets or lucky charm jewelry was fashioned in images of gods, magical signs, hieroglyphs and animals.
The Influences of Ancient Egyptian Jewelry - Clothing
The clothes worn by the Ancient Egyptians were made of very light linen which was bleached and starched. Wealthy women wore only the finest linen which was so sheer it became transparent. Their dress consisted of a kind of smock which reached very little higher than the waist. The chest, breast, neck and shoulders were bare; and were covered with jewelry. Jewelry in the form of a large collar known as the usekh half hid the shoulders and chest, a large, heavy and elaborate piece of jewellry called a pectoral was worn on the chest or the breasts were occasionally covered with two golden cups. Men also wore different types of jewellery. Ancient Egyptian jewellry included amulets, necklaces, pendants, bracelets, rings, head jewelry, anklets, diadems, collars, collarettes and the pharaohs were adorned with royal insignia.
Ancient Egyptian Scarabs
The Scarab Beetle was used as an amulet, or good luck charm Egypt and was believed to hold strong magical and religious properties. A depiction of a scarab beetle was used in the making of different styles and types of pendants, bracelets, rings and necklaces. The name of the owner was inscribed on the base of the scarab ensuring that protective powers would be given to the wearer. Scarab amulets were often made of precious or semi-precious jewels such as carnelian, lapis lazuli and turquoise.
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