Medieval Types of Jewelry: Jewelry types included , necklaces, pendants, clasps, bracelets, rings and head jewelry
Gemstones used in Medieval Jewelry: Gemstones used included diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires and pearls. Semi-orecious stones including turquoise, coral, garnets, amethysts onyx, amber, coral, opals, peridots, and jet.
The Influences of Medieval Jewelry - The Crusades
What influenced Medieval Jewelry? The Crusades and Sumptuary Laws. The jewelry types, styles, fashions and designs of the Medieval period were highly influenced by new trade with the East following the Crusades. Items of religious jewellery increased including the use of rosary beads and religious pendants. Sumptuary laws imposed in England and other European countries fiercely regulated who could wear jewelry to ensure that the upper class structure was maintained.
Medieval Jewelry - New Trade in precious stones from the East
The name Crusade was given to the Holy Wars between the Christians and the Moslems and came from old French word 'crois' meaning 'cross'. One of the most important effects of the crusades was on commerce as extended the market for eastern wares in Europe. The products of Damascus, Alexandria, Cairo, and other great cities were carried across the Mediterranean to the Italian seaports. Venice, Pisa, and Genoa acquired great wealth by the opening up of trade with the East and importing goods to all the European lands. New types of precious stones, pearls and ivory were introduced into Europe and influenced Medieval jewellery. The bodkin became a popular piece of Medieval jewelry which was a heavily jeweled hairpin heavily used in the Renaissance era. The Renaissance also saw the introduction of the gimmel ring which was a double ring that consisted of two or more interlocking rings. The gimmel ring was a gift given to lovers as it symbolized the union of two people.
Medieval Jewelry - Sumptuary Laws
Sumptuary laws fiercely regulated who could wear jewelry to ensure that the upper class structure was maintained. Only royalty and the nobility were allowed to wear precious gemstones such as diamonds, rubies, emeralds and sapphires.
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